Monday, 31 August 2015

50th anniversary of the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.

Why it's important to remember the 1965 war between India and Pakistan

 

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.
Although the period of June-July every year is normally regarded as the time when the 1999 Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan is remembered and discussed, 2015 is perhaps the right time to understand the genesis of the war that Pakistan initiated and lost half a century ago.
Several factors, not the least the belief among some of Ayub Khan’s hawkish advisers that the general population in Kashmir valley was ready to rise in revolt against India, led Ayub to go along with, what later turned out to be a militarily unsound operational plan. Pakistan’s Military Intelligence and the Foreign Ministry (headed by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto) were of the view that from late 1964 onwards, there was a surge in anti-India feelings in the Kashmir valley and the people would be more than willing to welcome Pakistani intervention.
Newspaper reports of the time suggest that the shelling and firing across the CFL (Ceasefire Line, as the Line of Control or LoC was then known), intrusions and other provocative activities increased manifold between January and July 1965. The Army recorded some 1800 such activities in that period as compared to just about 522 in the same period in 1964. In June and July 1965, there were at least half a dozen firing incidents daily across the CFL. The ceasefire violations preceded what was to be one of the largest infiltrations planned and executed by Pakistan — much larger in scope than that in Kargil in 1999.
There is consensus among various personal accounts of the 1965 war and newspaper reports of that period that the scheme of infiltration was planned in Pak-Occupied Kashmir (PoK) under the overall command of Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik, the then GoC of Pakistan’s 12 Division. All the four sector commanders under Major General Malik were made responsible for organising, training and launching of infiltrators groups from their areas of responsibility. These groups, numbering some 30,000 men, were named the Gibraltar Force. The aim of Operation Gibraltar was clearly laid down - to ‘create large-scale disturbances in Indian-held Kashmir which would force India to take major political and military steps to meet the situation..’
However, the Pakistan army’s Commander-in-Chief Mohammad Musa was not entirely convinced about Operation Gibraltar. In a telling comment, General Musa wrote: “The policy-makers thwarted the professional assessment and advice on matters having grave military implications because of their miscalculation of the politico-strategic situation and the over-ambitiousness of a few individuals involved in decision-making who were prompted by their desire to achieve some quick and spectacular results in Kashmir by clandestine operations.” Musa was mainly talking about Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who had prevailed upon President Mohammad Ayub, that the time was ripe to wrest Kashmir from India once and for all. Fifty years on, it is difficult to believe that the Pakistani Army — currently considered as the ‘deep state’ and perhaps the final arbiter of the nation’s destiny — could have been overruled by a politician like Bhutto.
There were other factors too that contributed to Pakistan’s swagger that time. One, Pakistan was confident that China, its new found ally and friend would make a threatening move against India, if only to keep some of its newly raised formations in the East from being moved into Kashmir. Two, Pakistan’s army was convinced that the modern arms and platforms supplied by the United States were far superior to the Indian army’s World War II vintage armoury, giving it a distinct advantage in any possible conflict.
In 1954, America agreed to arm up to five divisions of the Pakistani Army with the latest weapons and supply modern fighter jets. A Pakistani author has cited how the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) received a massive boost from America. According to one estimate, between 1956 and 1964 Pakistan was supplied with 100 F-86 Sabre jets, one squadron of F-104 Star Fighters, 30 B-57 bombers and four C-130 transport aircrafts, allowing it to narrow the gap with India. In 1965, the Pakistani Army’s armour strength was superior to that of the Indian Army.
The London-based IISS handbook on Military Balance (1965) revealed that Pakistan had 765 tanks in all, against India’s 720 in 1965. Pakistan had nine regiments of the latest Patton tanks supplied by the US, nine regiments of Shermans and three Regiments of Chaffees. India, on the other hand was saddled with right regiments of Shermans, four regiments of Centurians and two regiments of AMX-XIIIs. Pakistan’s artillery too was far superior in quality compared to India’s. While it had one heavy regiment of 155 mm guns and eight-inch Howitzers, India was mostly doing with 120 mm mortars and one heavy regiment of 7.2 inch guns.
Meanwhile, even as China-Pakistan ties were growing stronger, the American military aid continued unabated. Alarmed at the developments, India under Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and his defence minister YB Chavan (appointed by Jawaharlal Nehru in November 1962) took counter-measures to re-arm, expand and modernise the Indian military. Arms assistance from the Soviet Union was gratefully accepted. Yet, India was in no position to wage another war in 1965, having suffered a morale-shattering defeat in 1962. The three services were in the middle of a modernisation and expansion phase and therefore not fully trained or battle ready.
This was indeed one of the reasons why Ayub Khan and his ambitious Foreign Minister Bhutto were keen to press home the advantage that Pakistan seemed to enjoy in that particular period by launching an action that would free Kashmir from India’s ‘clutches.’
Moreover, the Pakistani leadership was not overly impressed by Nehru’s successor, Shastri and assessed that he was a pushover.
Economically too, Pakistan in that period was doing better than India. Politically, Sheikh Abdullah’s falling out with India was seen as an opportune moment by Pakistan, who felt that the Kashmiri population would support an instigated rebellion against India.
That Bhutto and Ayub were proved wrong, both in their assessment about the ‘loyalties’ of the Kashmiris and underestimating the strength and resilience of the Indian military, is a matter of history. After initial setbacks, the Indian Army not only thwarted the Pakistani offensive but also in September 1965, marched right into the heart of Pakistan: Lahore.
Only an UN intervention saved Pakistan the blushes. As India gears up to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the 1965 victory a couple of months from now, it is important to remember Pakistan’s perfidy half a century ago.
The author is currently writing a book on the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.

 

Saturday, 29 August 2015

Panasonic Eluga Icon Launched


                         Panasonic Eluga Icon


Panasonic Eluga Icon
  
 
Launch Date : 10 August 2015

Operating System : Android 4.4 Kit Kat

Display : 5.5 inches

Battery : 3500 mAh

Camera : 13 MP

Processor : 1.5 GHz, Octa Core

RAM : 2 GB

   Tech Specification

Display
Screen Size Graph
5.5
Type HD IPS OGS
Resolution 1280 x 720 pixels
Pixel Density 267 ppi
Screen Size 5.5 inches
Operating System and Processor
Operating System Android 4.4, Kit Kat
Processor Octa Core 1.5 GHz
GPU Yes
Dimension
Design Bar
Size 152.3 x 76.4 x 7.95 mm
Weight 147 grams
Camera
Rear Camera 13 MP, Autofocus, Touch focus, Face Detection, Smile detection, Scene Modes, HDR, Face Beauty, Gesture Shot, Blink Play
Front Camera 8 MP
Image Stablizer No
Flash Yes, LED
Video Recording Yes
Memory
RAM 2 GB
Internal Memory 16 GB
Expandable 32 GB, Micro SD card
Connectivity
SIM Dual
InternetGPRS
EDGE
Network2G, GSM 850, GSM 900, GSM 1800, GSM 1900
3G, HSDPA 850, HSDPA 900, HSDPA 1900, HSDPA 2100
4G/LTE, LTE 1800, LTE 2300
GPSWith A-GPS
GSM/CDMA GSM
Bluetooth 4.0, A2DP
WiFi Yes, Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n, WiFi Direct
USB Micro
HDMI No
Headphone Connector 3.5 mm
NFC No
DLNA No
Battery
Capacity
3500 mAh
Type Removable
Talktime 19 hrs
Standby Time 900 hrs
Multimedia
Radio Yes
Video Player Yes, 3GP, MP4, xVID, AVI, MKV, H.264, H.263
Media Player Yes, WAV, AAC+, FLAC, MIDI, WMA, M4A, MP3, AMR, AAC, AVI
Additional Feature
SensorsAccelerometer
Proximity
Ambient Light
Built in Applications Yes
Warranty 1 Year
Keypad Touchscreen, Capacitive Multipoint-Touch

Micromax Canvas Nitro 4G launched

    Micromax Canvas Nitro 4G launched 


This was perhaps the same handset that was listed on India times Shopping as Nitro 3 E455.
Micromax today officially announced the launch of Canvas Nitro 4G for Rs 10,999. This was perhaps the same handset that was listed on India times Shopping as Nitro 3 E455.
It has the Qualcomm Snapdragon 415 64-bit 1.4 GHz octa-core processor and 4G capability. Its 5 inch IPS display has high definition resolution and Corning Gorilla Glass 3. The phone is equipped with 2GB LPDDR3 RAM and 16GB ROM.
The Micromax Canvas Nitro 4G has a 5 megapixel fixed focus camera with 4P Lens and a 13 megapixel auto focus rear camera with 5P lens and dual LED flash. This Android Lollipop 5.0.2 based smartphone offers WiFi, Bluetooth 4.0, 32 GB expandable storage and a 2500 mAh battery.
Commenting on the launch, Vineet Taneja, chief executive officer, Micromax Informatics said, "India is at the tipping point of 4G revolution and we expect the consumers to skip 3G and directly leap forward to 4G LTE connectivity. With the launch of Canvas Nitro 4G, we aim to bring a perfect combination of technology, rich features and a faster 4G experience at a great value to more and more consumers”. 
            come up with hi-tech features and amazing stylish looks at affordable rates .

Saturday, 15 August 2015

BIOGRAPHY OF APJ ABDUL KALAM !!!

                                                       APJ ABDUL KALAM
    

FORMER PRESIDENT OF INDIA AND RENOWNED SCIENTIST AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN  ABDUL KALAM ( APJ ABDUL KALAM ) DIED ON JULY 27 , 2015 AFTER 
COLLAPSING DURING A LECTURE AT THE IIM- SHILLONG . HE WAS 84 .
KALAM WAS THE 11th PRESIDENT OF INDIA AND HELD THE POST FROM JULY 25, 2002 TO JULY 25 , 2007 . HE WAS A RENOWNED SCIENTIST AND IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE MAIN BRAIN BEHIND INDIA,S SPACE LAUNCH VEHICLE ( SLV )  AND
       
  

MISSILE PROGRMME. BORN ON OCTOBER 15 , 1931 AT RAMESHWARAM IN TAMIL NADU, KALAM WENT ON TO BECOME ONE OF THE THE COUNTRIES MOST CELEBRATED AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE SCIENTISTS. KALAM SPECIFIED IN AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING FROM MADRAS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. HE MADE SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION AS PROJECT DIRECTOR TO DEVELOP INDIA'S FIRST INDIGENOUS SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLE (SLV-111) WHICH SUCCESSFULLY INJECTED THE ROHINI SATELLITE IN THE NEAR EARTH ORBIT IN JULY 1980 AND MADE INDIA AN EXCLUSIVE MEMBER OF SPACE CLUB. 

HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EVOLUTION OF ISRO'S LAUNCH VEHICLE PROGRAMME , PARTICULARLY THE PSLV CONFIGURATION .

AFTER WORKING FOR TWO DECADES IN ISRO AND MASTERING LAUNCH VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES , DR. KALAM TOOK UP THE RESPONSIBILITY OF DEVELOPING INDIGENOUS GUIDED MISSILES AT DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION AS THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OF INTEGRATED GUIDED MISSILE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME(IGMDP). 

HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATIONALIZATION OF AGNI AND PRITHVI MISSILES AND FOR BUILDING INDIGENOUS CAPABILITY IN CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH NETWORKING OF MULTIPLE INSTITUTIONS.

HE WAS THE SCIENTIFIC ADVISER TO DEFENCE MINISTER AND SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT FROM JULY 1992 TO DECEMBER 1999. HE PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN INDIA'S NUCLEAR TEST IN 1998 WHEN ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE WAS THE PRIME MINISTER.

HE ALSO GAVE THRUST TO SELF-RELIANCE IN DEFENCE SYSTEMS BY PROGRESSING MULTIPLE DEVELOPMENT TASKS AND MISSION PROJECTS SUCH AS LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT.

AS CHAIRMAN OF TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION , FORECASTING AND ASSESSMENT COUNCIL (TIFAC) AND AS AN EMINENT SCIENTIST, HE LED THE COUNTRY WITH THE HELP OF 500 EXPERTS TO ARRIVE AT TECHNOLOGY VISION 2020 GIVING A ROAD MAP FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA FROM THE PRESENT DEVELOPING STATUS TO A DEVELOPMENT NATION.
DR KALAM HAS SERVED AS THE PRINCIPAL SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, IN THE RANK OF CABINET MINISTER, FROM NOVEMBER 1999 TO NOVEMBER 2001 WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EVOLVING POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND MISSIONS FOR MANY DEVELOPMENT APPLICATIONS. HE WAS ALSO THE CHAIRMAN , EX-OFFICIO , OF THE SCIENTIFIC ADVISIORY COMMITTEE TO THE CABINET (SAC-C) AND PILOTED INDIA MILLENNIUM MISSION 2020. IN HIS LITERARY PURSUIT FOUR OF DR KALM'S BOOKS -"WINGS OF THE FIRE" , "INDIA 2020- A VISION FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM ", "MY JOURNEY " AND "IGNITED MINDS- UNLEASING THE POWER WITHIN INDIA" HAVE BECOME HOUSEHOLD 

  

NAMES IN INDIA AND AMONG THE INDIAN NATIONALS ABROAD. THESE BOOKS HAVE BEEN TRANSLATED IN MANY INDIAN LANGUAGES.
KALAM WAS ONE OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED SCIENTISTS OF INDIA WITH THE UNIQUE HONOUR OF RECEVING HONORARY DOCTORATES FROM 30 UNIVERSITES AND INSTITUTIONS. HE WAS AWARDED THE COVETED CIVILIAN AWARDS- PADMA BHUSHAN (1981) AND PADMA VIBHUSHAN (1990) AND THE HIGHEST CIVILIAN AWARD BHARAT RATNA (1997). 
HE WAS A RECIPIENT OF SEVERAL OTHER AWARDS THE FELLOW OF MANY PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS. HIS FOCUS WAS ON TRANSFORMING INDIA INTO A DEVELOPED NATION BY 2020.      

Monday, 10 August 2015

ALOE VERA THE MIRACLE PLANT !!!

         ALOE VERA THE  MIRACLE  PLANT !!!

   
    
  
Aloe Vera is a spices of Aloe, native to northern Africa. It is a stemless or very short- stemmed succulent plant, spending by offsets and root sprouts. Often called the 'miracle plant' or the ' natural healer' , in India over the centuries it has gained popularity and is known by names like korphad , kumari, ghee kanwar etc.

Aloe Vera is a plant of many surprises. It flourishes in warm and dry climates, and to many people it looks like a cactus with fleshy thorny leaves. In fact it is a member of the Lily family, staying moist where other plants wither and die by closing its pores to prevent moisture loss.

There are over 300 spices of Aloe, but it is the Aloe Barbadians Miller ( Aloe Vera or "true aloe") plant which has been of most use to mankind because of the medicinal properties it displays. The structures of most Aloe plants are similar. Fully grown , the plant stands 30-36 inches high, and a mature leaf is 2.5-3 inches wide at the base, weighing 1.5 to 2 kg.

The Aloe leaf contains over 75 nutritional components and 200 other compounds, including 20 minerals, 18 amino acids and 12 vitamins.The Aloe leaf structure is made up of four layers:


  1. Rind - the outer protective layer ;
  2. Sap - a layer of bitter fluid which helps protect the plant from animals ;
  3. Mucilage gel - the inner part of the leaf that if filleted out to make Aloe Vera gel, and
  4. Aloe Vera (inner gel) contains the 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but cannot manufacture. 
For over 3500 years, tales of "healing Aloe Vera" plants have been handed down through centuries by word of mouth. It is probably one of the most discussed , but least understood medicinal plants in history . The ancient Greeks , the Romans , the Babylonians , Indians , and Chinese have all used Aloe Vera as a medicinal plant.

The virtues of Aloe Vera date back to many ancient civilizations, including those of Persia , Egypt , Greece , Africa - just to name a few although the earliest documented use of Aloe Vera comes from the ancient Egyptians. Even Alexander - the Great , conquered the island of Socotra (in Yemen
) in order to have the Aloe for his "fighting" army. From the times of Cleopatra to the more recent Mahatma Gandhi, have all sampled the goodness of this Aloe Vera, also known as "nature's silent healer". Throughout the years Aloe Vera has been called by many names like Potted Physician , Wand of Heaven , Wonder Plants , and Plant of Life.

Today, Aloe Vera has come a long way, from what it was centuries ago in terms of people understanding it and its limited reach. People are now more aware of its uses and benefits and are using it for its many restorative and healing properties. They have realized the potential of this potent ALOE in day to day life.

FLP's 100% stabilized Aloe Vera Gel is the finest available in the world as we control everything from fields to factory, to research and development , to packing and also to shipping and distribution thereby ensuring preservation of  its nutrients and maintaining the highest quality standards. 



Sunday, 9 August 2015

Audi TT Roadster LAUNCHED !!!

                Audi TT Roadster

Editorial Review





 While the re-freshened Audi TT coupe was launched some time back this year, it was evident that soon there will be the roadster version following it. The TT roadster has a cloth top or a soft top as it is called.  It opens in 12 seconds, even while driving at a speed of up to 50 km/h which is neat. For further safety the two massive rollover bars protect the driver and passenger in the event of a rollover. Compared to the CoupĂ© it is just 251 kilograms heavier.
 
 
Looks
 
The design is timeless The fog lights are set in chrome rings. Also sporting a new look are new single-frame grille in high-gloss black and the optional xenon plus headlights. It also has twelve white LEDs arranged in a straight line which act as the daytime running lights. The 2.0 TFSI has a dual exhaust which is neat. . The specific reinforcements in the TT Roadster  include a steel bulkhead, strongly ribbed sills and windshield frame.
 
 
Interior
 
The interior looks stylish with the steering wheel is flattened at the bottom. It has five round air vents and  the typical round-dial instruments have the classic TT look.  There are three new interior colors from which to choose though we like it with some of the red bits thrown in
 
 
Engine, tech
 
The TT roadster will have a 2.0 TFSI petrol just like its coupe sibling. It makes 211 bhp and perfectly suits the car.  It also has a six-speed S tronic gearbox and the famous Audi quattro permanent all-wheel drive. The time from zero to 100 km/h takes 5.6 seconds. The handling and grip are great and coupled with the open top feeling, its just brilliant. The TT roadster will compete with the BMW Z4, Mercedes-Benz SLK and Porsche Boxster.
  
Expected Price of Audi TT Roadster - Rs 50.00 L - 65.00 L

Samsung Galaxy S4 mini plus LAUNCH !!!

Samsung Galaxy S4 mini plus LAUNCH !!!!

Samsung Galaxy S4 mini plusSamsung Galaxy S4 mini plus smartphone with 4.30-inch 540x960 display powered by 1.2GHz processor alongside 1.5GB RAM and 8-megapixel rear camera

Display- 4.30-inch

Processor- 1.2GHz

Front Camera- 1.9-megapixel

Resolution- 540x960 pixels

RAM- 1.5GB

OS- Android 4.4

Storage- 8GB

Rear Camera- 8-megapixel

Battery capacity- 1900mAh

 
 
 
Samsung Galaxy S4 mini plus detailed specifications 
 
General


Alternate names GT-I9195I
Release date August 2015
Form factor Touchscreen
Dimensions (mm) 124.60 x 61.30 x 8.94
Weight (g) 107.00
Battery capacity (mAh) 1900
Removable battery Yes
Colours White
    

Display

Screen size (inches) 4.30
Touchscreen Yes
Resolution 540x960 pixels
 
Hardware

Processor 1.2GHz  quad-core
Processor make Qualcomm Snapdragon 410
RAM 1.5GB
Internal storage 8GB
Expandable storage Yes
Expandable storage type microSD
Expandable storage up to (GB) 64
 
Camera

Rear camera 8-megapixel
Flash Yes
Front camera 1.9-megapixel
Software
Operating System Android 4.4

Connectivity

Wi-Fi Yes
Wi-Fi standards supported NA
GPS Yes
Bluetooth Yes
NFC Yes
Infrared No
Wi-Fi Direct No
MHL Out No
HDMI No
Headphones No
FM Yes
SIM Type Micro-SIM
GSM/ CDMA GSM
3G Yes
4G/ LTE Yes
Supports 4G in India (Band 40) No
Sensors
Compass/ Magnetometer No
Proximity sensor Yes
Accelerometer Yes
Ambient light sensor Yes
Gyroscope Yes
Barometer No
Temperature sensor No
 

 

Saturday, 8 August 2015

PROFESSIONALS TIPS TO BECOME HEALTHY AND SLIM !!!

Fitness professionals are vouching for brief exercises that can be done quickly within 15-20 minutes to get leaner. We take a look at this growing fitness pattern



 For the regular office goers as well as homemakers, a workout that doesn't take more than 20 minutes of your time is ideal. Shraddha Sheth, fitness professional says, "Long working hours take a toll on the average working professional's health. To ensure that you have a fit and lean body, the best way to workout is by putting in a maximum of 20 minutes of intense cardio or weight training."  


Burn fat, get fit in minutes For the regular office goers as well as homemakers, a workout that doesn't take more than 20 minutes of your time is ideal. Shraddha Sheth, fitness professional says, "Long working hours take a toll on the average working professional's health. To ensure that you have a fit and lean body, the best way to workout is by putting in a maximum of 20 minutes of intense cardio or weight training."



 Fitness trainer Nikita Jalgaonkar says, "For most working professionals, taking out an hour from their daily schedule becomes a problem. That is the reason why most gyms in the city now offer workouts that are customised as per the client's body requirement. Short workouts range anywhere between a seven-minute, 12-minute to a maximum of 20 minutes of exercise routine. Short and intense workouts involve biking, running on the treadmill, doing brief bouts of weights and strength training, using gym equipment like a cross trainer or push-ups, fast squats, lunges and a quick aerobic workout.


BENEFITS OF SHORT AND INTENSE WORKOUTS
 
A quick, intense workout burns more calories as compared to burning calories in an hour's workout.
It tires your body enough and helps recover the muscles.
Extreme training improves your body's heart rate and beat.
These workouts also help in increasing your metabolism by stimulating the production of your human growth hormone (HGH).
Short workouts consume more energy. Since the time required to exercise is less, you are challenging yourself more and thus losing more weigh
t.


    1) 10 burpees
10 chin ups
10 parallel bar dips 6 jumping jacks

2) 10 body weight squats
10 abdominal crunches
6 partial push ups
8 jumping jacks
5 minute run on the treadmill at 8.0 speed

3) 30 butt kickers (glute extensions)
25 on each side
15 abdominal crunches (This exercise has to be done in four rounds with a break of one minute after each round)
15 burpees
10 push ups
10 body weight squats
50 jumping jacks
10 minute of run on the treadmill at a speed of 8.0

LAUNCHING F.I.R AGAINST DIGVIJAY SINGH !!!

Citing a high court order, state unit BJP president Nand Kumar Singh Chouhan said there is a possibility of the registration of an FIR against Singh in this regard.

  • Digvijay Singh

Under fire over the 'Vyapam' scam, BJP on Saturday hit back at former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Digvijay Singh as it alleged that 16 appointments were made in contravention of rules during his tenure, a charge denied by the Congress general secretary. Citing a high court order, state unit BJP president Nand Kumar Singh Chouhan said there is a possibility of the registration of an FIR against Singh in this regard.

"Singh had appointed 16 people in various departments after throwing rules to the wind," he alleged.

BJP also provided photocopies of 16 note sheets of appointments purportedly signed by Singh in his capacity as chief minister between 1993-2003.

"The (MP) High Court bench comprising Chief Justice AM Khanwilkar and Justice KK Trivedi had on August 6 annulled the appointment of one Arun Tiwari as an engineer in Water Resources Department made by the then Congress government headed by (Digvijay) Singh by relaxing rules. The above appointment was made by him (Singh) on September 27, 1997," Chouhan told reporters. He said the possibility of registering an FIR against Singh cannot be ruled out in the wake of the HC's order "directing the state to initiate criminal proceedings against all irregular appointments by identifying them department- wise".

"The bench has directed that a first compliance report be filed within four months on the issue of alleged irregular appointments made by relaxing rules after identifying such recruitments department-wise. It also directed the chief secretary to cancel them (appointments)," he said.

Reacting to the HC's order dated August 6, Singh had tweeted, "Shocked to hear the Hon High Court MP order against me without giving me Notice or giving me opportunity to plead my case. Is this Justice?"

In related tweets on the issue today, he said, "If it (any case) was not under rule, then it (rule) was relaxed by taking the order from the Cabinet. Like Vyapam no forgery was done by looting the candidates."

In yet another tweet, he added, "During my chief ministership tenure all decisions were taken under the government rules." 

The MPPEB, or 'Vyapam' scam, involves massive alleged irregularities in the conduct of examinations and appointment of candidates to various posts with the involvement of the political brass.Opposition Congress has stalled the proceedings in Parliament seeking the resignation of Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan over the scam. Various aspects of the scam, including the mysterious deaths of some of the accused and witnesses connected with it, are currently being probed by CBI.

Monday, 20 July 2015

WORLD'S FIRST EVER WATER BASED COMPUTER MADE BY INDIAN-ORIGIN SCIENTIST MANU PRAKASH !!!!!

Stanford scientist Manu Prakash makes water based computer!!!

Manu Prakash, who amazed the world last year by building a paper microscope, has now come up with a computer that works by moving water droplets. Prakash is an assistant professor of bioengineering at Stanford University and he has developed the water computer with the help of two of his students. He was born in Meerut, India.

What Prakash did was devise a system in which tiny water droplets are trapped in a magnetic field. When the field is rotated or flipped, the droplets move in precise direction and distance. This became the basis of the computer clock, which is an essential component of any computer.

Computer clocks are responsible for nearly every modern convenience. Smartphones, DVRs, airplanes, internet - without a clock, none of these could operate without frequent and serious complications. Nearly every computer program requires several simultaneous operations, each conducted in a perfect step-by-step manner. A clock makes sure that these operations start and stop at the same times, thus ensuring that the information synchronizes.

The results are dire if a clock isn't present. It's like soldiers marching in formation: If one person falls dramatically out of time, it won't be long before the whole group falls apart. The same is true if multiple simultaneous computer operations run without a clock to synchronize them, Prakash explained.

"The reason computers work so precisely is that every operation happens synchronously; it's what made digital logic so powerful in the first place," Prakash said. www.eveyknown.blogspot.com

The study describing the water computer, published in Nature Physics, has all the technical details of the way this computer works. A simple-state machine including 1-bit memory storage (known as "flip-flop") is also demonstrated using the above basic building blocks.

The current chips are about half the size of a postage stamp, and the droplets are smaller than poppy seeds, but Katsikis said that the physics of the system suggests it can be made even smaller. Combined with the fact that the magnetic field can control millions of droplets simultaneously, this makes the system exceptionally scalable.

"We can keep making it smaller and smaller so that it can do more operations per time, so that it can work with smaller droplet sizes and do more number of operations on a chip," said graduate student and co-author Jim Cybulski. "That lends itself very well to a variety of applications."

Prakash said the most immediate application might involve turning the computer into a high-throughput chemistry and biology laboratory. Instead of running reactions in bulk test tubes, each droplet can carry some chemicals and become its own test tube, and the droplet computer offers unprecedented control over these interactions.

From the perspective of basic science, part of why the work is so exciting, Prakash said, is that it opens up a new way of thinking of computation in the physical world. Although the physics of computation has been previously applied to understand the limits of computation, the physical aspects of bits of information has never been exploited as a new way to manipulate matter at the mesoscale (10 microns to 1 millimeter).