Saturday, 15 August 2015

BIOGRAPHY OF APJ ABDUL KALAM !!!

                                                       APJ ABDUL KALAM
    

FORMER PRESIDENT OF INDIA AND RENOWNED SCIENTIST AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN  ABDUL KALAM ( APJ ABDUL KALAM ) DIED ON JULY 27 , 2015 AFTER 
COLLAPSING DURING A LECTURE AT THE IIM- SHILLONG . HE WAS 84 .
KALAM WAS THE 11th PRESIDENT OF INDIA AND HELD THE POST FROM JULY 25, 2002 TO JULY 25 , 2007 . HE WAS A RENOWNED SCIENTIST AND IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE MAIN BRAIN BEHIND INDIA,S SPACE LAUNCH VEHICLE ( SLV )  AND
       
  

MISSILE PROGRMME. BORN ON OCTOBER 15 , 1931 AT RAMESHWARAM IN TAMIL NADU, KALAM WENT ON TO BECOME ONE OF THE THE COUNTRIES MOST CELEBRATED AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE SCIENTISTS. KALAM SPECIFIED IN AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING FROM MADRAS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. HE MADE SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION AS PROJECT DIRECTOR TO DEVELOP INDIA'S FIRST INDIGENOUS SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLE (SLV-111) WHICH SUCCESSFULLY INJECTED THE ROHINI SATELLITE IN THE NEAR EARTH ORBIT IN JULY 1980 AND MADE INDIA AN EXCLUSIVE MEMBER OF SPACE CLUB. 

HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EVOLUTION OF ISRO'S LAUNCH VEHICLE PROGRAMME , PARTICULARLY THE PSLV CONFIGURATION .

AFTER WORKING FOR TWO DECADES IN ISRO AND MASTERING LAUNCH VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES , DR. KALAM TOOK UP THE RESPONSIBILITY OF DEVELOPING INDIGENOUS GUIDED MISSILES AT DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION AS THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OF INTEGRATED GUIDED MISSILE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME(IGMDP). 

HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATIONALIZATION OF AGNI AND PRITHVI MISSILES AND FOR BUILDING INDIGENOUS CAPABILITY IN CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH NETWORKING OF MULTIPLE INSTITUTIONS.

HE WAS THE SCIENTIFIC ADVISER TO DEFENCE MINISTER AND SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT FROM JULY 1992 TO DECEMBER 1999. HE PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN INDIA'S NUCLEAR TEST IN 1998 WHEN ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE WAS THE PRIME MINISTER.

HE ALSO GAVE THRUST TO SELF-RELIANCE IN DEFENCE SYSTEMS BY PROGRESSING MULTIPLE DEVELOPMENT TASKS AND MISSION PROJECTS SUCH AS LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT.

AS CHAIRMAN OF TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION , FORECASTING AND ASSESSMENT COUNCIL (TIFAC) AND AS AN EMINENT SCIENTIST, HE LED THE COUNTRY WITH THE HELP OF 500 EXPERTS TO ARRIVE AT TECHNOLOGY VISION 2020 GIVING A ROAD MAP FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA FROM THE PRESENT DEVELOPING STATUS TO A DEVELOPMENT NATION.
DR KALAM HAS SERVED AS THE PRINCIPAL SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, IN THE RANK OF CABINET MINISTER, FROM NOVEMBER 1999 TO NOVEMBER 2001 WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EVOLVING POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND MISSIONS FOR MANY DEVELOPMENT APPLICATIONS. HE WAS ALSO THE CHAIRMAN , EX-OFFICIO , OF THE SCIENTIFIC ADVISIORY COMMITTEE TO THE CABINET (SAC-C) AND PILOTED INDIA MILLENNIUM MISSION 2020. IN HIS LITERARY PURSUIT FOUR OF DR KALM'S BOOKS -"WINGS OF THE FIRE" , "INDIA 2020- A VISION FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM ", "MY JOURNEY " AND "IGNITED MINDS- UNLEASING THE POWER WITHIN INDIA" HAVE BECOME HOUSEHOLD 

  

NAMES IN INDIA AND AMONG THE INDIAN NATIONALS ABROAD. THESE BOOKS HAVE BEEN TRANSLATED IN MANY INDIAN LANGUAGES.
KALAM WAS ONE OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED SCIENTISTS OF INDIA WITH THE UNIQUE HONOUR OF RECEVING HONORARY DOCTORATES FROM 30 UNIVERSITES AND INSTITUTIONS. HE WAS AWARDED THE COVETED CIVILIAN AWARDS- PADMA BHUSHAN (1981) AND PADMA VIBHUSHAN (1990) AND THE HIGHEST CIVILIAN AWARD BHARAT RATNA (1997). 
HE WAS A RECIPIENT OF SEVERAL OTHER AWARDS THE FELLOW OF MANY PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS. HIS FOCUS WAS ON TRANSFORMING INDIA INTO A DEVELOPED NATION BY 2020.